Atopic Dermatitis/Eczema

Atopic Dermatitis, also referred to as Eczema, is a common allergic reaction of the skin that often affects the face, elbows and knees. Identifying the triggers or causes of the allergic reaction is essential to obtaining relief. A Board Certified Allergist/Immunologist is the best-qualified medical professional to diagnose and treat Atopic Dermatitis.  

Symptoms of Atopic Dermatitis include: 

  • Red, scaly rash typically on face, knees and elbows in older children and adults
  • In infants, Atopic Dermatitis usually appears as tiny bumps on the cheeks
  • Itching is the hallmark symptom and can be very intense
  • Oozing lesions can appear if scratching has caused a bacterial infection

Triggers of Atopic Dermatitis include:

  • Allergens
  • Ingestion of certain foods or food groups
  • Contact with irritants
  • Emotional Stress
  • Overheating or sweating

In children, Atopic Dermatitis is often the first step in a progression of diseases. Infants who present with Atopic Dermatitis may progress to Allergic Rhinitis by 18 months old and, if left untreated, may progress to asthma by four years old.

Examination

Your examination at A&AS for Atopic Dermatitis will include a battery of skin tests (Link to Skintests) and, possibly lab work, RAST tests, to determine if environmental allergens or foods are triggering the Atopic Dermatitis. 

Treatment

Treatment for Atopic Dermatitis will include avoidance of the triggers, daily moisturizing of the affected areas, and steroidal or non-steroidal topical agents. Antihistamines may be prescribed to relieve itching, and antibiotics may be necessary to treat any infections.